Wildlife of India #1-Sambar Deer
Sambar Deer is large deer native to the Indian subcontinent, South China, Southeast Asia. Their height is about 100 to 155 cm at the shoulder and the weigh up to 540 kg. Species from the western are larger than eastern species. Females are smaller than males. Their colour is brown to dark grey.
Habitat and Behaviour:-
The sambar is distributed in South Asia and also in the mountain range of the Himalayas.
Male lives alone for many years while females live in a group of individuals. They generally gathered at the water and also good swimmers. Like other deer species, they are calm and quiet but though male can do alarm calls. They often communicate with each other by scent marking and foot stamping.
Sambar's group found in many national park and sanctuaries of India.
They are the favourite food of Tigers, Asiatic Lions in India. They often catch by muggers, crocodiles, leopard too.
They mate and reproduce throughout the year, and sambar gives birth seasonally. Male makes territory from which they attract females. Gestation lasts around about 8 months but sometimes it's taking longer. At the time of birth, they weigh about 5 to 8 kgs. Sambars can live up to 26 years of age in captivity and they rarely survive about 10-12 years in the wild.
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